Confused about supplements? Dr Sonam Yadav expands on some common active ingredients in our new series of posts. We start with the common and important Omega 3 and 6.

1. What: Omega 3 & Omega 6 are two distinct types of fatty acids, required to make certain fats, like little Lego blocks if you will, that have important functions in the human body.

2. Why: Omega 3 and 6 are called Essential Fatty Acids, because it is essential to consume them in a daily diet. The human body needs them but cannot make them on it's own. Thus foods and supplements which contain these essential fatty acids should be included in an individual's consumption.

3. How Much: 2/1 or 4/1 or even lower ratios of Omega 6 to Omega 3 are recommended in daily diet.

4. Caution: A deficiency of omega 3/6  results in impaired function of the brain, eyes, skin & circulation. However overconsumption though uncommon, can cause severe problems in patients with seizure disorders or pregnant women. A balanced diet usually contains enough omega 6 and supplements may not be needed. Omega 3 can be taken in supplements if the diet is poor in fish and vegetable oils.

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